There are many beautiful animals in China. Some of the endangered species are so rare that you may have never heard of them. Or, you may have heard of them, and know that they are extremely rare because they are critically endangered. Here are some of the rarest animals in China.
#1. Giant Panda
Giant Pandasare black and white bears that live in temperate-zone bamboo forests in central-western and south-western China. They are considered to be one of the best recognized animals, but are rarest animals to find around the world. Currently, they have come to be the symbol of the endangered species and there are many efforts to conserve Giant Pandas. At present, best estimates put the total wild population at between 1,000–2,000 and more than 200 live in captivity. Giant Pandas live in the mountain ranges in Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu Provinces of Central China. They once lived in the lowland areas, but farming, forest clearing, and other human activities made giant pandas move to the mountains again.
#2. White-Flag Dolphin
The White-Flag Dolphin, described as a “living fossil” and native to China, is at extremely high-risk of extinction and may already be extinct due to the deterioration of its living environment in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River. It is the world’s rarest dolphin found. The dolphin, or baiji, can only live in freshwater and has very poor eyesight. Ancestors of the White-Flag Dolphin can be tracked back more than 20 million years.
#3. Golden Snub-nosed Monkey
Endemic to China, Golden Snub-nosed Monkey, or scientifically known as Rhinopithecus roxellana, is one of the most beautiful and rare animals found in the world. These monkeys get their name from the short, stump of a nose on their round face, with nostrils arranged forward. They have relatively multicolored and long fur, particularly at the shoulders and backs. According to IUCN, there are about 16,000 individual golden snub-nosed monkeys in China.Golden Snub-nosed Monkey can be found in Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi and Sichuan in west-central China.
#4. South China Tiger
The South China Tiger, also known as Chinese tiger, is native to China’s central and southern areas. Male South China Tigers weighs 149-225 kilograms and the female are 90-120 kilograms. It is in danger of extinction. It is reported that there are 98 south China tigers living in captivity in China. The South China Tiger was once numbered in the thousands and was found throughout southern and central China commonly. But many experts believe the animal is actually nowhere to find in the wild.
#5. Crested Ibis
The Crested Ibis has a long beak and red cheeks. Its head is partially bare and it has a dense crest of white plumes on the nape. In the past 30 years, the wild population has increased from 7 individuals to about 700 birds and there are another 700 of them living in captivity.The population of crested ibis has expanded to 1,400 in Shaanxi Province, thanks to three decades of conservation.
#6. Brown Eared Pheasant
Brown Eared Pheasant belongs to eared pheasant genus of the Phasianidae family of Galliformes order. It is considered as a large-size fowl genus, with a body length of about 96 centimeters. The body feathers are mainly dark brown. There are about 2,000 of them in China. It is mainly distributed in Shanxi, Hebei provinces and Beijing.
#7. Chinese Alligator
The Chinese Alligator, also known as the Yangtze Alligator, was very abundant more than 230 million years ago, particularly on the eastern seaboard. But now, with a population of about 150 in the wild, it is listed as the world’s most endangered creatures. The number of alligators at the center has risen from about 200 to more than 10,000.
Chinese alligators are distributed in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River in the southern part of Anhui Province and in some parts of Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces.
#8. Black-Necked Crane
The scientific name of Black-Necked Crane is Grus Nigricollis (Latin), and belongs to the Gruidae family of Gruiformes order. Black-necked Crane is a large-size wading bird, with a full body-length of around 120 centimeters. The color of its body ranges from silver gray to approximately white, with dotted brown brims. There are 3,562 birds in Yunnan and western Guizhou in 2003 and 6940 of them in Tibet in 2007. Black-necked Crane usually hibernates in Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces, and breeds in Tibet, Qinghai and Gansu provinces in China and the bird can also be found in countries including Bhutan, India and Vietnam.
#9. Tibetan Antelope
Weighing up to 45 to 60 kilograms,TheTibetan Antelope has a sturdy body, with a wide and long head and stout mouth. Its nasal part is wide and slightly ridged. It has a short tail but has strong and well-proportioned limbs. Male antelope has a long, straight and shiny fuliginous horn, commonly 60 centimeters in length. The female antelope is hornless. There are estimated about 100,000 Tibetan Antelopes in China.
#10 Pere David’s deer
Pere David’s deer, the rare animal, was first found in China more than 2,000 years ago. This wetland species was known for its unique appearance. It had a camel’s neck, a donkey’s tail, cow-like hooves and stag antlers. Chinese often called this strange creature Sibuxiang – Four Unlikes. Captive Pere David’s Deers now number more than 1600 in China. Now captive Pere David’s deers can be found in Beijing, Dafeng, Tianezhou and Yuanyang.